21 Ene 1907 Gentlemen`s Agreement Importance
After the creation of the Bureau of Corporations in the new Department of Commerce and Labor and after the court`s decision in the Northern Securities case, a series of «gentlemen`s agreements» developed between Wall Street financiers and the Roosevelt administration. The Gentlemen`s Agreement of 1907 (日米紳士協約, Nichibei Shinshi Kyōyaku) was an informal agreement between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan, under which the United States did not restrict Japanese immigration and did not allow Japan to emigrate further to the United States. The aim was to reduce tensions between the two Pacific states. The agreement was never ratified by the United States Congress and replaced by the Immigration Act of 1924. The implication of this meeting was that the federal government would not sue U.S. Steel under the Sherman Act for the acquisition of Tennessee Coal and Iron. It was a «gentlemen`s agreement», a tacit (and unwritten) political agreement between the country`s most powerful politician and his most powerful bank. This episode, which in itself was important in the history of the nation`s affairs, was crucial to the eventual split between Taft and Roosevelt. The United States played a leading role in the Bretton Woods and Yalta conferences, where agreements on new international financial institutions and the reorganization of Europe after the war were signed. When an Allied victory was won in Europe, an international conference in San Francisco in 1945 produced the Charter of the United Nations, which became active after the war.
 The United States and Japan then clashed in the largest naval battle in history, the Battle of Leyte Gulf.   The United States developed the first nuclear weapons and used them against Japan in August 1945 in the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; the Japanese surrendered on September 2 and ended World War II.   The increase in Japanese immigration, which aims to replace partially excluded Chinese agricultural workers, has met with concerted resistance in California. To appease Californians and avoid an open break with Japan`s rising world power, President Theodore Roosevelt brokered this diplomatic agreement, under which the Japanese government took responsibility for drastically reducing Japanese immigration, especially workers, so that Japanese-American children could continue to attend integrated schools on the West Coast. However, family migration could continue, as Japanese-American men with sufficient savings could bring women through arranged marriages («picture brides»), their parents, and minor children. As a result, the Japan-U.S. population was more gender-balanced than other Asian-American communities and continued to grow through natural growth, resulting in increased pressure to end their immigration and further reduce residents` rights. Theodore RooseveltThe White House, March 14, 1907No. . .